Clinical research involves human participants and is a component of medical and health research intended to improve the understanding of disease and lead to discoveries that may prevent or treat illness. This includes support of clinically relevant research involving patients to answer questions related to the effectiveness, efficacy and safety of interventions and the power of prognostic indicators.

Our team of research professionals provide infrastructure to support Principal Investigators - primarily Orthopaedic Surgeons - throughout the entire research process including:

Protocol Development
IRB submission
Data Collection
Data Analysis
Manuscript Development
Publication Submission
Recent Publications:

1. Tokish JM, Chisholm JN, Bottoni CR, Groth AT, Chen W, Orchowski JR. Implementing an Electronic Patient-Based Orthopaedic Outcomes System: Factors Affecting Patient Participation Compliance. Military Medicine. 2017 Jan;182(1):e1626-30.
2. Roberson TA, Granade CM, Adams KJ, Momaya AM, Kwapisz A, Kissenberth MJ, Tolan SJ, Hawkins RJ, Tokish JM. Non-operative management versus reverse shoulder arthroplasty for treatment of three and four-part proximal humerus fractures in the elderly. J Sholder Elbow Surg, 2017Jan27. DOI:
3. Tokish JM, Kissenberth MJ, Tolan SJ, Salim TI, Tadlock J, Kellam T, Long CD, Crawford A, Lonergan KT, Hawkins RJ, Shanley E. Resilience correlates with outcomes after total shoulder arthroplasty. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2017 Feb 10.
4. Roberson TA, Abildgaard JT, Wyland DJ, Siffri PC, Geary SP, Hawkins RJ, Tokish JM. “Proprietary Processed” Allografts: Clinical outcomes and biomechanical properties in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 2017 Feb 1:363546516687540. doi: 10.1177/0363546516687540.
5. Roberson TA, Bentley JC, Griscom JT, Kissenberth MJ, Tolan SJ, Hawkins RJ, Tokish JM. Outcomes of total shoulder arthroplasty in patients younger than 65 years: a systematic review. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2017 Feb 10. DOI:
6. Roberson TA, Tokish JM. Superior Capsular Reconstruction for Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears. Techniques in Shoulder & Elbow Surgery. 2017 Mar 1;18(1):8-14.
7. Washburn R, Anderson TM, Tokish JM. Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Augmentation: Surgical Technique Using Bovine Collagen Bioinductive Implant. Arthroscopy Techniques. 2017 Mar 13.
8. Gagliano JR, Helms SM, Colbath GP, Przestrzelski BT, Hawkins RJ, DesJardins JD. A comparison of onlay versus inlay glenoid component loosening in total shoulder arthroplasty. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2017 Mar 27. DOI:
9. Abildgaard JT, Bentley JC, Hawkins RJ, Tokish JM. Arthroscopic Removal of a Loose Polyethylene Glenoid Component With Bone Grafting and Patch Augmentation for Glenoid Osseous Defect. Arthroscopy Techniques. 2017 May 1.
10. Roberson TA, Wyland DJ. Meniscal Allograft Transplantation With Soft Tissue in Bone Socket Fixation: Arthroscopic Technique With Technical Pearls. Arthroscopy Techniques. 2017 Apr 30;6(2):e483-9.
11. Tokish JM, Alexander TC, Kissenberth MJ, Hawkins RJ. Pseudoparalysis: a systematic review of term definitions, treatment approaches, and outcomes of management techniques. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2017 Jun 30;26(6):e177-87.
12. Abildgaard JT, Lonergan KT, Tolan SJ, Kissenberth MJ, Hawkins RJ, Washburn R, Adams KJ, Long CD, Shealy EC, Motley JR, Tokish JM. Liposomal bupivacaine versus indwelling interscalene nerve block for postoperative pain control in shoulder arthroplasty: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2017 May 4. DOI:
13. Topoluk N, Hawkins R, Tokish J, Mercuri J. Amniotic Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Exhibit Preferential Osteogenic and Chondrogenic Differentiation and Enhanced Matrix Production Compared With Adipose Mesenchymal Stromal Cells. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2017 May 1:0363546517706138.